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Vorlesungen




Lectures


 General Literature


Winter semester  from  20. 10. 2021 to  16. 02. 2022

- The lectures are held on behalf of the Humboldt University. -


Dr. Harald Michel

„Economic- and socio-historical Aspects of Demography“

Humboldt University

Winter semester from 20.10.2021 to16.02.2022
Wednesdays 08:15-11:45


There is no online occupancy about Agnes!



 


General Literature:

Mackenroth, G.
Bevölkerungslehre-Theorie, Soziologie und Statistik der Bevölkerung, Berlin 1953

Mombert, P.
Bevölkerungslehre, Jena 1929

Mueller, U., Nauck, B., Diekmann, A. (Ed.)
Handbuch der Demographie 1-2, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 2000

Schmid, J.
Einführung in die Bevölkerungssoziologie, Reinbek 1976

Wrigley, E.A.
Bevölkerungsstruktur im Wandel - Methoden und Ergebnisse der Demographie, München 1969


 (back to the beginning) Part 1:  Population statistics

Data sources for population statistics:

Pre-statistical period (written and non-written historical sources) and Statistical period (Census, population registration, updating, interpolation-extrapolation, microcensus), population forecasts (procedure of a forecast, models, cohorts-components-method)

Analysis of the population structure:

Age- and gender classification, sexual proportion, calculation and interpretation of age measures: average age (arithmetic mean and median), age load quotient (Old-Age Dependency Ratio), Support Ratio, Billeter-measure

Analysis of the natural population movement:

births- and death rates, natural increase, population balance equation, Lexis-chart

Categories of mortality:

(death rates, mortality tables: calculation and interpretation of the various Mortality functions; periods- vs. cohort mortality table, life expectancy)

Categories of fertility/Reproduction:

(Births- and fertility rates, crude birth rate (CBR), general fertility rate, age-specific fertility values, Total Fertility Rate TFR in periods and cohorts, gross - and Net Reproduction Rates CFR, NRR)

Analysis of the spatial population movement:

Definitions Migrant vs. foreigner/in vs. person with Migration background, population and flow variables, migration rate / migration rate Types of immigration; share of foreigners in the total population; share of persons with a migration background in the total population

Methods of historical demography:

History and sources, aggregative method, family reconstitution method, editing family tree tables


Objective:

  • Students can use the basic indicators to describe and investigate the population (structure) and population movement (mortality, fertility, migration) apply and interpret and get an overview of the methods of historical demography.


Literature:

IFAD
Population forecast in Brandenburg and selected consequences and derivations
PDF:Presentation und: IFAD Monday Round, 30 May 2011 (both links in German language)

IFAD
5. Regionalised population forecast in the State of Saxony
PDF:Results and methods und: IFAD Monday Round, 23 May 2011 (both links in German language)

Mueller, U.
Bevölkerungsstatistik und Bevölkerungsdynamik, Berlin, New York 1993

Michel, H.
Volkszählungen in Deutschland - Die Erfassung des Bevölkerungsstandes von 1816 bis 1933
PDF: [pub-volkszaehlungen-in-deutschland] (link in German language)

 (back to the beginning) Part 2:  European population history with special consideration for Germany

Content:

  • Population history of Europe from antiquity to the present with special focus on Development in Germany since the end of the 18th century

  • Mortality- and fertility patterns in Central Europe

  • Migration in agricultural societies

  • The demographic transition as a result of modern industrial development in Germany from Middle of the 19th century until the beginning of the 2nd world war

  • New patterns of fertility and mortality, migration

  • The population development in the two German states from the end of the Second World War until 1989, Comparison: differences and similarities

  • The period since reunification and the current demographic crisis in Europe - Shrinking and ageing populations: Causes and consequences (Declining birth rates);

  • Migration processes and their effects: increasing or reducing disparities-

  • „Laboratory“ East Germany


Objective:

  • The students have knowledge of the long-term causes, forms and perspectives of demographic Process of change (Declining births, ageing) in Europe and Germany.
    The focus is on the economic and social implications and consequences of these developments at European, national and regional level.


Literature:

Braudel, F.
Sozialgeschichte des 15.-18. Jahrhunderts, München 1985/86

Carr-Saunders
A.M., World Population, Past Growth and Present Trends, Oxford 1937

Cipolla, C.M.
Europäische Wirtschaftsgeschichte, 1-5, Stuttgart, New York 1978-1980

Ehmer, J.
Bevölkerungsgeschichte und Historische Demographie 1800 - 2000, München 2004

Imhof, A.E.
Von der unsicheren zur sicheren Lebenszeit, Darmstadt 1988

Köllmann, W., Marschalck, P.
Bevölkerungsgeschichte, Köln 1972

Livi Bacci, M.
Europa und seine Menschen, München 1999

Michel, H.
Die Entwicklung der Menschheit aus demographischer Sicht in: Entwicklungen der Menschheit - Humanwissenschaften in der Perspektive der Integration; Hrsg.: Gerd Jüttemann; Pabst Science Publishers, Lengerich 2014

Michel, H.
Sterblichkeitsrückgang im 18. Jahrhundert in Deutschland - Bestandteil, Voraussetzung oder Vorläufer der demographischen Transition?
PDF:[pub-sterblichkeit-18jhd]
(link in German language)

Pfister, Ch.
Bevölkerungsgeschichte und historische Demographie 1500 - 1800, München 2007

Sieferle, R.-P.
Krieg und Zivilisation, Berlin 2018

Weiss, V.
Bevölkerung und soziale Mobilität, Berlin 1993

 (back to the beginning) Part 3:  Population theories

Origin and development of population theories and their effectiveness


Content:

  • Ancient Greece/Rome Plato, Aristotle

  • Absolutism with its mercantilist views of population Special case populationism, causes of its emergence J.P. Süßmilch

  • Malthus and Neo-Malthusianism

  • Classics: Smith, Ricardo, Mill

  • Socialists: Lasalle, Marx

  • Biologists: Quetelet, Spencer, Pearl

  • Optimum Theorist: Robbins, Cohen

  • Wealth theorists: Brentano, Mombert

  • Opinion theorists: Sombart, Wolf, Weber

  • Social-cultural theories: Mackenroth, Ipsen, Schubnell

  • Socio -economic theories: Coale, Easterlin, Zimmermann

  • Social-psychological theories: Birg


Ziel:

  • The students have knowledge üabout the genesis of the most important population theories of the beginnings (antiquity) up to the present, their explanatory power and their connection with the respective historically concrete socio-demographic framework conditions that have led to their have led to its creation.
    You can use basic theorems of the individual population theories to evaluate concrete applying and interpreting population policies and assessing them in terms of their potential and Limits (effectiveness) evaluate.


Literature:

Birg, H.
Die demographische Zeitenwende - Der Bevölkerungsrückgang in Deutschland und Europa, München 2001

Heinsohn,G.
Menschenproduktion - allgemeine Bevölkerungstheorie der Neuzeit, Frankfurt a.M. 1979

Kautsky, K.
Vermehrung und Entwicklung in Natur und Gesellschaft, Stuttgart 1910

Malthus, Th. R.
Eine Abhandlung über das Bevölkerungsgesetz, Jena 1924

Michel, H. (mit Lischke, R.-J.)
Zur Entwicklung der Bevölkerungswissenschaft im deutschsprachigen Raum von den Anfängen bis 1945, in: Berliner Statistik- Monatsschrift 3/2001

Michel, H. (Ed.), Lischke, R.-J.
Biographisches Lexikon zur Geschichte der Demographie, Berlin 2007

Michel, H.
Der Bevölkerungsgedanke im Zeitalter des Merkantilismus in: Internationale Studien zur Geschichte von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, Verlag Peter Lang, Frankfurt 2012

Sieferle, R.-P.
Epochenwechsel, Berlin 2017

Süßmilch, J. P.
Die göttliche Ordnung in den Veränderungen des menschlichen Geschlechts …, Neuausgabe Göttingen 1988

 (back to the beginning) Part 4:  Population policy

Content:

  • Population policy in ancient Greece/Rome

  • Mercantilistic-populationistic population policy using the example of Brandenburg-Prussia

  • Comparison of the population policy of the GDR and its effectiveness with political influence on the population in the FRG until 1989

  • Current issues of population policy in Germany Migration, births- and family policy, Regional- and infrastructure policy


Objective:

  • Students can use basic theorems of the individual population theories to assess of concrete population policies and to interpret them critically and to take them into account with regard to their possibilities and limits (effectiveness) evaluate and apply to current developments.
    In the process, current population policy developments in the areas of family policy are discussed, Immigration, labour market-, pensions- and health-/Social policy and spatial development/Infrastructure but also international/global aspects of demographic development receive special attention.
    Students are able to develop demographic concepts at the federal, state, and local levels, demographically oriented initiatives by ministries and associations and similar activities of selected actors should be viewed critically.


Literature:

Birg, H.
The aging republic and the failure of politics - A demographic forecast, Berlin 2015

IFAD
Demographic change in European regions - Status of analysis in the EU-DART programme. The IFAD-Indicator Study: Results, indications, problems
PDF: The presentation und:   IFAD Monday round on 16 May 2011 (both links in German language)

Kaufmann, F.-X. /Krämer, W.
Die demographische Zeitbombe, Paderborn 2015

Luft, S.
Staat und Migration, Frankfurt/New York 2009

Mayer, T.
Die demographische Krise, Frankfurt a.M. 1999

Michel, H.
Im Osten etwas Neues? in: Die transformative Macht der Demographie; Ed.: Tilman Mayer; Springer SV, Wiesbaden 2017

Sieferle, R.-P.
Das Migrationsproblem, Waltrop/Berlin 2017



Type of event
Lecture/exercise
Event number
7010893
Hours per term
4
Event status
Released for course catalogue
Language
German
 
 

 




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